It’s important to know the signs of bed bug infestation, so you can protect yourself. You may spot blood on your sheets or pillow cases that are evidence of their presence. Dark spots where they have left droppings and eggs shells could also be a sign as well; an offensive odor from these bugs is another indication that there might be one in your home!
Bed bugs are notoriously difficult pests to eliminate. They are extremely well-adapted to living amongst humans and are happy to make a meal of us. Experts in evasions, these pests are becoming an international epidemic.
Bed bugs are tiny (about 3/16 of an inch) with flattened, oval bodies. They are usually reddish and will become swollen after a meal. You probably won’t see them since they feed and are active only at night and are exceptionally good at hiding in cracks and crevices during the day. However, you will see the evidence of their presence. Their bites leave a rash of tiny red bumps on the skin. You may see rusty specks of blood on your sheets or mattress. Their feces looks like flecks of black pepper and may also be found in bedding.
Bed bugs have not yet been noted as having transmitted any illnesses to humans but are suspected of carrying diseases like leprosy and Q-Fever. The rash from their bites can be itchy and uncomfortable. Bed bugs are prolific breeders and can go from a few individuals to a full-fledged, whole-house infestation in a very short time. They also spread from place to place quite easily by “hitch hiking” on clothing and bags. They produce a musty, foul odor offensive to humans.
Chemicals like pyrethrins and pyrroles are the most commonly used chemicals to kill bed bugs, but some of them have developed immunity. Chlorfenapyr is another chemical that kills these pests by disrupting their cells which can be a huge relief for those who suffer with infestations because it means no more itching or scratching in futility every night. We do provide beg bug extermination services if you are in need of help.
If there is an available food source, bed bugs will stay active. They may hibernate without food and in cold temperatures outdoors. However, since they are most often found as pests indoors the exterior temperature has no bearing on their life cycle.
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